Technological Development in China

100 years ago, in China anybody was known about modern science and technology and less than 10 people dominated the infinitesimal calculus throughout the country. However, at the beginning of the 21st century, the country was able to visibly reduce the distance between its level and the advanced world standard in high technology research and exploitation domains. More than 60% of the national techniques reach the international advanced level, covering the areas of atomic energy, space technology, high energy physics, biology, computation, computer science, robots similar to man, etc. The launch of manned spacecraft in 2003 and 2005, as well as the successful launch of the moon’s exploration satellite in 2007, mark the accelerated progress-as a phase-burning-of China’s space navigation technology. With the successful launch of the spacecraft “Shenzhou VII” in September 2008, China took its first step in outer space, becoming the third country to make a space walk. On October 24, 2007, China launched “Chang’e I,” its first lunar probe product of research and manufacture with its own efforts, which took the first three-dimensional image of the surface of the Moon. On October 1, 2010, “Chang’e II” was successfully launched. Under the state’s Moon exploration plan, China will crown the work of collecting samples of the lunar surface before 2020.

The Law of Scientific and Technological Progress, in force since 1993, stipulates in all domains the goals, the role, the source of financing, the system of scientific and technological awards, among other aspects, and constitutes the basic legal code that guides the Development of China’s science and technology. The Law of Generalization of Science and Technology, put into effect in 2002, establishes as a norm of conduct the generalization of science and technology and the raising of scientific knowledge of citizens, demanding the whole society to apply them. The various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities under central jurisdiction have also issued a series of local legal regulations that cover the guarantee for the assimilation of men of value in science and technology, the stabilization of investments in the sector and the development of The high technology.

The document “Reviews of the State Plan for the Development of Science and Technique in the Medium and Long Range (2006-2020)”, issued by the Council of State in February 2006, defines 16 special topics to overcome within 15 years, related to domains Such as information and biology, major urgent problems in the energy, resources, environment and people’s health sectors, as well as the research and manufacture of large aircraft, manned space exploration projects and exploration of the Moon, among others. According to this document, by 2020, China’s expenditure on scientific research and testing will occupy more than 2.5% of GDP, much higher than the 1.33% of 2005, and the contribution rate of scientific- Have exceeded 60%.

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