The chinese political system

China´s Modern political system: Totalitarian, Meritocratic or Democratic?
China is a meritocratic government. That means if you want to be one of the political leaders, you have to join the commitment party, you have to work hard, you get promoted and raise to the top by doing good work.
But, in some extreme cases, China is said to be a democracy because their leaders are voted. This democracy is not real in fact, because those leaders, which are local, are elected in the lowest levels of the Chinese political system. So at the high levels is definitely not a democracy.
Some people still criticize the Chinese political system today, saying that is a totalitarianism and a regime, a despotic government. That opinion is really controversial, but we can say that China is not a totalitarianism: the country has some problems but things are getting better.
The final idea will be that China is a meritocracy and that implies hard work.

China´s Political Regions and Divisions
China has three different political divisions: provinces (the majority of the divisions are provinces), but also has which are called autonomous regions (Xinjian, Mongolia,…). The difference between a province and an autonomous region is not that big, however the second one is given a little more of authority, they also have more local government representatives, more control over the budget and some regulations, but are still quite similar to the provinces.
China also has what are called “metropolitan areas” or “City States” (Beinjin, Shanghai, Chongging, Tianjin,…). They are like a province but actually is just a “big” city with the same rights than a province.
Hong Kong and Macao are Special Administrative Regions. They have their own currencies, languages, leaders and passports.
The population of these divisions is really big, so many China’s provinces are actually as big as some European countries and their economy could be more powerful. We can conclude that China is a huge economy with many different cultures, languages and regions, but it can change dramatically from place to place: there is no one China.

 

China's Division

China’s Planned Economy
The Chinese system is based on:
Five Year Plans: They were created based on the soviet model of control planning: how define your plan. The idea of planning in terms of five years works very well. The political leaders have two five years terms so a “Ten Year total term”.
These Five Year Plans are agreed every five year and it is a process of internal consensus built by the government. They stablish some decision about the investments, the industry and the direction of the cities.
In addition, China every year has what are called the Two “Big” Meetings. Three thousand people meet and vote different proposals. This represents are well known people (TV presenters, basketball players). The system is not perfect but is has a large background in dealing and treating and allow to introduce some changes in the country.

 

David López Illán (Master en Ingeniería y Gestión Medioambiental)


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